People might have forgotten the dark side of Independent India that occurred on 25th June 1975. But Indian Law Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad has reminded this date with his several tweets floated with 25th June “Nationwide Emergency.” Yes, The Law Minister tweets, “The nationwide emergency was imposed so that the former Prime Minister can save her PM’s chair as Lok Sabha election for Raebareli constituency had been put on hold by Allahabad High Court on the ground of malpractices.” It’s the 45th Anniversary of the imposition of Emergency Prasad reminds this day.
Law Minister also revealed, “The moment emergency was imposed by Indira Gandhi prominent leaders like JP Narayan, Atal Bihari Vajpayee, Chandrashekhar, LK Advani, George Fernandes and lakhs of people were arrested and distressed.”
Let’s remember the Nationwide Emergency once again historically; the emergency imposed for 21 months from June 25, 1975, to March 21, 1977. And the Emergency was imposed after India’s President Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed issued orders under Article 352(1) of the Indian constitution. The government responded to the massive strike by declaring a state of emergency and announced that there was a threat of internal disturbances and a grave crisis had arisen.
What exactly happened?
After the imposition of national emergency in the midnight, the electricity to all leading newspaper offices was disconnected and was restored only two to three days later after the censorship equipment had been set up. On 26th June, a large number of opposition leaders and workers were arrested. And only the Union Cabinet was informed about it at a special meeting at 6 a.m. During the period of national emergency, the political unrest was witnessed which infused against the Indira Gandhi government, in the entire country. Several significant movements like:
I) in Gujarat, Nav Nirman movement led by students and middle-class people against corruption.
II) Bihar Chatra Sangharsh Samiti, Student agitation led by the socialist Jayprakash Narain (popularly known as JP), also declared “total revolution”, asking students and public at large, to non-violently protest every day.
III) The nationwide protest and strike of the railway-employees union took place in India. However, the strike had to face brutal cruelty by the government, with thousands of employees and their families driven out of their quarters.